They were given a shallow draught, in part to allow them to operate in the shallow waters of the Baltic but also reflecting experience gained earlier in the war. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. Minnie only discovered her father was an RAF hero when a friend recently bought a book at a jumble sale in Kent. The Battle of the Heligoland Bight[7][8] was the first “named” air battle of the Second World War, which began the longest air campaign of the war, the Defence of the Reich. Mainz turned towards the British destroyers, but was met with a heavy fire and a further torpedo attack, with one or possibly two hits.

Uploader: Mutilar
Date Added: 21 January 2010
File Size: 5.89 Mb
Operating Systems: Windows NT/2000/XP/2003/2003/7/8/10 MacOS 10/X
Downloads: 28206
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]

Communication was by radio, known then as wireless. Added to this was the German disbelief that RAF Bomber Command would expose itself on a day when conditions favoured the fighter.

Operations throughout the day were hampered by the patches of mist, ships appearing and disappearing in the changing conditions.

During the period of British possession, the lyrics to “Deutschlandlied”, which became the national anthem of Germany, were written on one of the islands by August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben inwhile he was vacationing there.

The technique of radio silence was in its infancy, baftle used at all. I took the first opportunity to explain to the Emperor the fundamental error of such a muzzling policy. A stern attack was dangerous, as the gunners could then target an attacking fighter with a coordinated and concentrated cone of fire.


Over species have been recorded.

The British took prisoners; German sailors were rescued by Commodore Keyes on the destroyer Lurcher and brought to England, the son of Tirpitz being among the prisoners. Julian—Gregorian uncertainty Commons category link is on Wikidata.

The total loss for No. Early life and education Driver was born in Marylebone, London. The British orchestrated the battle as a warning to the Ehligoland high command that any attempt to operate their naval forces in the North Sea would be met by strong British resistance.

Pilot Officer on Probation Emergency 30 juni It was wholly foreseeable that German re-enforcements would intervene. Heliholand all failed and he was heading into German territory defenceless. It proved to be SMS Stralsund which opened accurate and heavy fire on the damaged Arethusa, now, due to the damage received, capable of only ten knots.

Battle of Heligoland Bight — National Museum of the Royal New Zealand Navy

Han Artur Graf von Schweinitz und Krain”. It was weather that Oberstleutnant Schumacher, commander of JG. Fresia’s second victim was Flying Officer Allison. Member feedback about HMS Beaver The German Navy was manned by a personnel no less courageous and at least as well trained as heligiland own; their ships were superior type for type; their gunnery was more accurate.

Despite the dubious morality of using violence to achieve personal or political aims. Bomber Command in the Second World War.

Battle of Heligoland Bight

Ariadne was intercepted gonnie quickly sunk by salvos from the heavy guns of the British battle cruisers. To maintain the offensive on the front line, bomber production dominated the air industry while the production of fighters was given less priority. The British submarines established that the German navy mounted a patrol by destroyers, moving out from Heligoland each evening to the west and north-west, and returning at dawn. The German Imperial Navy responded with submarine and destroyer rronnie.


Bomber formations were built on the idea of mutual protection; if the formation came apart, each bomber would have to fend for itself, which would enable an enemy to pick off the bombers one by one. They were supported at longer range by an additional six light cruisers commanded by William Goodenough and five battlecruisers commanded by Vice Admiral David Beatty.

Although they did not achieve any hits, Stralsund turned away and again broke off action.

The Battle of Heligoland Bight

Heligoland Island guarded the entrance to the main German naval anchorage at Kiel. With the front lines static between September and Maya period known og the “Phoney War” set in, with little fighting on land or in the air. Admiral Maass was still unaware of the nature of the attack and dispersed his ships in search of the enemy.

Originally 24 Vickers Wellingtons took off.